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每日外刊 英语阅览-谁创造了汉堡包 边吃边聊美国标志性三明治的...

    发布时间:2021-07-21 15:47:48  作者:acad2018  阅读:0

本文导读: ??汉堡包(Hamburgsteak),原是德国汉堡的一种油炸牛肉饼,19世纪末由德国传入美国, 1932年有人将这类油炸牛肉饼夹入概略撒有芝麻的小圆面包中作为主食或点心食用,所...

??汉堡包(Hamburgsteak),原是德国汉堡的一种油炸牛肉饼,19世纪末由德国传入美国, 1932年有人将这类油炸牛肉饼夹入概略撒有芝麻的小圆面包中作为主食或点心食用,所以得名汉堡包,意为有汉堡牛肉饼的面包。

连年来,除夹传统的牛肉饼外,还在圆面包的第二层中涂以黄油、芥末、西红柿酱、沙拉酱等,再夹入西红柿片、洋葱、蔬菜、酸黄瓜等食物,便可以一起吃到主副食。这类食物食用便当、风味适口、养分周全,如今已变成脱销世界的便当主食之一。

但据许多领会国外食操作业的人士介绍,西方国度的汉堡食物重要有两种形式,一是像麦当劳、肯德基式的快餐连锁店售卖的现做现卖的热汉堡;另外一种是冷冻的汉堡包,在食物店的冷冻柜中贩卖,由顾主买回家中微波加热后食用,像咱们如今在超市、连锁店或小售货亭中所买到的带包装的汉堡包,可以说是一种我国特征的汉堡食物。

正文阅读

Who invented the hamburger? Biting into the messy history of America’s iconic sandwich.

谁发现了汉堡包?边吃边聊美国符号忆三明治的失调以前。

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Hamburger history is dripping with lies. One popular story goes that in 1900 a customer walked into Louis’ Lunch in New Haven, Conn., and asked for something he could eat on the go. Owner Louis Lassen improvised by giving him a patty of the restaurant’s steak tri小妹ings between two pieces of toast. The customer got his carryout lunch, and the world got the hamburger sandwich. The story has been repeated many times by Connecticut and national publications, but I have recently found proof it is not true.

汉堡包的汗青布满了假话。一个盛行的故事是,1900年,一名顾主走进康涅狄格州纽黑文市的路易斯午饭馆,恳求供给一些他可以在路上吃的东西。店东路易斯·拉森即兴阐扬,在两片吐司之间给他夹了一块该餐厅的牛排边角料。这位顾主获得了他的外带午饭,而世界获得了汉堡包三明治。这个故事被康涅狄格州和全国性的出书物重复了不少次,但我迩来创造了根据,这不是真的。

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Lassen may well have conceived of his sandwich on the spur of the moment, but at that point many U.S. businesses were serving hamburgers. In January I wrote a story that raised questions about Louis’ Lunch’s standing as the birthplace of the hamburger. However, I was not able to definitively disprove the claim. After the story ran, a reader named Thomas Pieragostini emailed me a link to a series of ads that appeared in the Shiner Gazette in Texas in the spring of 1894 that advertised “hamburger steak sandwiches” being served at a local saloon.

拉森极可所以一时鼓起才想到了他的三明治,但在其时,许多美国公司都在供给汉堡包。本年1月,我写了一篇报导,对路易斯的午饭作为汉堡包发源地的职位当地提出了质疑。可是,我没能理解地争辩反驳这一说法。这篇报导公布后,一名名叫托马斯·皮亚戈斯蒂尼的读者给我发了一个联接,内容是1894年春季呈如今德克萨斯州《辛纳公报》上的一系列表白,表白内容是在本地一家酒馆供给 "汉堡包牛排三明治"。

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This early burger reference inspired me to dig deeper, and I have since found more than a dozen newspaper references to hamburgers in the 1890s. These findings debunk the Louis’ Lunch claim and suggest other burger origin stories are not true, either. But the true precursor to the burger we know t

oday seems to be an inexpensive dish called hamburger steak, which began appearing on American menus in the early 1870s.

这个前期汉堡的提法激起了我的深化发掘,此后我在报纸上创造了十几处关于1890年月汉堡的提法。这些创造推翻了路易斯午饭的说法,并表达其他汉堡的发源故事也不是真的。可是,咱们今日所晓得的汉堡的真实前身彷佛是一种叫做汉堡包牛排的廉价菜肴,它在19世纪70年月初起头呈如今美国的菜单上。

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